THERE IS BEAUTY IN SIMPLICITY

 

 

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Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2

Antimicrobial Copper

Bacterial Killing by Dry Metallic Copper Surfaces

From Laboratory Research

Life-like assessment of antimicrobial

surfaces by a new touch transfer assay
displays strong superiority of a copper alloy
compared to silver containing surfaces

Mechanisms of Contact-Mediated Killing of Yeast Cells on Copper

Vitro-Skin-Study

 COPPER and COPPER ALLOYS as ANTIMICROBIALS 

Many Metals Cause Death of Microbes (Mercury, Silver, Bismuth, Copper….). Copper is unique. In its solid form, it is an effective antimicrobial in reasonable time frames while being physically inert to mammals. It is an essential micronutrient (United States Recommended Daily Allowance of 0.9 g/day) ingested as copper ions as part of a normal diet or supplement. In its un-ionized solid forms, copper is durable and wear resistant. As such, it can be formed into various useful configurations while maintaining its antimicrobial properties.

Historic Uses

While our ancestors may not have related “antimicrobial” activity to their use of copper, they realized that water held or carried in buckets made of copper or copper alloys was not slimy when compared to water held or carried in buckets made of wood. Copper piping provided water of greater clarity and less odor than many other piping materials. And copper has been/is used in roof construction or placed in strips at the higher level rows of roofing shingles to reduce or eliminate mold growth on the roofs. Copper is also used, particularly in brass form, to prevent bio-marine fouling.

Examples of Microbes Killed by Solid Copper or Copper Alloys:

Enterobacter aeorgenes

Staphylococcus aureus

Pseudomonas Aerugnosa

Drug Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Clostridium difficile

Influenza A virus

Adenovirus

HOW DOES BIOCOPPER WORK?

When a germ comes in contact with copper, the copper causes the outer membrane of the germ to rupture. Once ruptured, the germ’s cell contents interact with the copper and their function is destroyed, thus killing the germ.